The great architect of Ottoman Empire, was called and celebrated, Born in the 1489 into a Greek family, Sinan entered his father’s trade as a stone mason and carpenter. In 1512, he started a lifelong service to the Ottoman royal family. After a period of schooling and strict training, Sinan became a construction officer in the Ottoman army, eventually rising to chief of the artillery..
He first revealed his talents as an architect in the 1530s by designing and building military bridges and fortifications.
In 1539, he completed his first nonmilitary building, and for the remaining 40 years of his life he worked as the chief architect of the Ottoman Empire at a time when it was at the Peak of its political power and cultural brilliance. He undertook a massive number of projects rounded to 79 mosques, 34 palaces, 33 public baths, 19 tombs, 55 schools, 16 poorhouses, 7 madrasahs (religious schools), and 12 caravansaries, in addition to granaries, fountains, aqueducts, and hospitals.
The most famous works of his are the Şehzade Mosque and the Mosque of Süleyman(I) the Magnificent, located in Istanbul, and the Selim Mosque at Edirne.
Sinan’s first truly important architectural project was the Şehzade Mosque, which was completed in 1548 and regarded as the best work of his apprenticeship. Like many of his mosque constructions, the Şehzade Mosque has a square base upon which rests a large central dome flanked by four half domes and numerous smaller, subsidiary domes.
The Mosque of Süleyman in Istanbul was finished in the 1557 and is considered by many scholars to be his finest work. The Mosque of Süleyman has a massive central dome that is pierced by 32 openings, thus giving the dome the effect of lightness while also copiously illuminating the mosque’s interior. It is one of the largest mosques ever built in the Ottoman Empire. Besides the place of worship, it contains a vast social complex comprising four madrasahs, a large hospital and medical school, a kitchen, baths, shops, and stables.
Sinan himself considered the Mosque of Selim at Edirne, built in the years 1569–75, to be his masterwork. This mosque is the culmination of his centralized-domed plans, the great central dome rising on eight massive piers in between which are impressive recessed arcades. The dome is framed by the four loftiest minarets in Turkey.
As a result, the huge central dome became the focal point around which the design of the rest of the structure was developed. Sinan pioneered the use of smaller domes, half domes, and buttresses to lead the eye up the mosque’s exterior to the central dome at its apex, and he used tall, slender minarets at the corners to frame the entire structure. This plan could yield striking exterior effects, as in the dramatic facade of the Selim Mosque. Sinan was able to convey a sense of size and power in all of his larger buildings. Many scholars consider his tomb monuments to be the finest examples of his smaller works.